The National Hockey League (NHL) presents numerous annual awards and trophies to recognize its teams and players.
The oldest (and most recognizable) is the Stanley Cup. First awarded in 1893, the Stanley Cup is awarded to the NHL's playoff champion.
The Stanley Cup is the third trophy to be used as the league's championship, as for the first nine years of the NHL's existence, it remained a multi-league challenge cup.
The NHL's first championship trophy was the O'Brien Cup which was created by the National Hockey Association in 1910 and transferred to the NHL in 1918 after which it was awarded to the playoff champion until 1927.
The Prince of Wales Trophy in was introduced 1925, which became the league's championship until the demise of the Western Hockey League following the 1926 season, leaving the Stanley Cup exclusively in the hands of the National Hockey League.
The Prince of Wales Trophy remains an active award. It is awarded to the playoff champion of the Eastern Conference, while the Clarence S. Campbell Bowl (created in 1967) is currently awarded to the Western Conference champion.
The youngest team trophy is the Presidents' Trophy which has been awarded to the NHL's regular season champion since 1986. The O'Brien Cup was retired in 1950.
The first individual trophy was the Hart Trophy (first awarded in 1924) to the league's most valuable player.
This trophy was replaced by the Hart Memorial Trophy in 1960 when the original Hart trophy became too unwieldy.
The Lady Byng Trophy followed in 1925, a year later, awarded to the most gentlemanly player in the league.
Two years later, the Vezina Trophy was created for the NHL's top goaltender. The Conn Smythe Trophy was first awarded to the NHL's playoff most valuable player in 1965.
Presently, the NHL has 18 annual individual trophies and awards, the most recently created being the Mark Messier Leadership Award (first awarded in 2007) and the NHL General Manager of the Year Award which was inaugurated in 2010.
Out of the original individual NHL trophies that were awarded prior to expansion (which would be followed by the creation of more individual awards), several players are tied with three awards in the same season.
Stan Mikita won the Hart, Art Ross, and Lady Byng trophies, doing so consecutively in the 1966–67 and 1967–68 seasons.
Bobby Orr won the Hart, Norris, and Conn Smythe trophies (along with the Stanley Cup) in 1969–70 and 1971-72.
In 1970, Orr also won the Art Ross which makes him the only player to capture four original NHL awards in a single season (Orr also earned a NHL First Team selection, and the only honor which he was eligible for but didn't win was the Lady Byng due to his physical style of play).
In addition, the First and Second All-Star Teams have been named since the 1930–31 NHL season to honor the best performers over the season at each position, as well as the NHL All-Rookie Team from 1983 onwards.
Most of the individual trophies and all-star selections are presented at an annual awards ceremony held in late June after the conclusion of the playoffs. Some of these trophies are automatically awarded to players based on their statistics during the regular season.
Other individual trophies are voted on by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association or the team general managers.
|75px||Stanley Cup||1894||Awarded to the NHL playoff champion. Previously it was a challenge cup (1893–1914) and then an interleague championship trophy (1915–1926)||Pittsburgh Penguins (2015–2016)|
|75px||Prince of Wales Trophy||1925||Awarded to the Eastern Conference playoff champion. Previously awarded as the NHL playoff championship (1925–1927), the American Division Champion (1928–1938), the regular season championship (1939–1967), East Division championship (1968–1974) and Wales Conference championship (1975–1993). It was first awarded to the winner of the first game in Madison Square Garden in 1925.||Pittsburgh Penguins (2015–2016)|
|75px||Clarence S. Campbell Bowl||1968||Awarded to the Western Conference playoff champion. Previously awarded as the West Division title (1968–1974) and Campbell Conference championship (1975–1993)||San Jose Sharks (2015–2016)|
|75px||Presidents' Trophy||1986||Awarded to the club finishing the regular season with the best overall record (based on points)||Washington Capitals (2015–2016)|
|75px||O'Brien Trophy||1910||Awarded by the National Hockey Association (1910–1917) and NHL (1918–1927) to the league playoff champion, Canadian Division regular season champion (1928–1938), and Stanley Cup runner-up (1939–1950)|| Retired in 1950
Last winner: New York Rangers
Individuals Awards & TrophiesEdit
|75px||Hart Memorial Trophy||1924||Awarded to the league's most valuable player|| Patrick Kane|
|75px||Lady Byng Memorial Trophy||1925||Awarded to the player who exhibited outstanding sportsmanship and gentlemanly conduct combined with a high standard of playing ability|| Anze Kopitar|
Los Angeles Kings
|75px||Vezina Trophy||1927||Awarded to the league's top goaltender|| Braden Holtby|
|75px||Calder Memorial Trophy||1937||Awarded to the league's most outstanding rookie player|| Artemi Panarin|
|75px||Art Ross Trophy||1948||Awarded to the player who leads the league in total points at the end of the regular season|| Patrick Kane|
|75px||James Norris Memorial Trophy||1954||Awarded to the defenseman who demonstrates throughout the season the greatest all-round ability in the position|| Drew Doughty|
Los Angeles Kings
|75px||Conn Smythe Trophy||1965||Awarded to the most valuable player for his team in the playoffs|| Sidney Crosby|
|75px||Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy||1968||Awarded to the player who best exemplifies the qualities of perseverance, sportsmanship, and dedication to hockey|| Jaromir Jagr|
|75px||Ted Lindsay Award||1971||Awarded to the NHL's outstanding player as selected by the members of the NHL Players Association (called the Lester B. Pearson Award from 1971 to 2009)|| Patrick Kane|
|75px||Jack Adams Award||1974||Awarded to the NHL coach adjudged to have contributed the most to his team's success|| Barry Trotz|
|75px||Frank J. Selke Trophy||1978||Awarded to the forward who best excels in the defensive aspects of the game|| Anze Kopitar|
Los Angeles Kings
|75px||William M. Jennings Trophy||1982||Awarded to the goaltender(s) having played a minimum of 25 games for the team with the fewest goals scored against it in the regular season|| Frederik Andersen / John Gibson|
|NHL Plus-Minus Award||1983||Awarded to the player with the highest plus/minus statistic in the regular season||Last awarded in 2008|
|75px||King Clancy Memorial Trophy||1988||Awarded to the player who best exemplifies leadership qualities on and off the ice and has made a noteworthy humanitarian contribution in his community|| Henrik Sedin|
|NHL Foundation Player Award||1998||Awarded to the player who applies the core values of hockey to enrich the lives of people in his community|| Mark Giordano|
|75px||Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy||1999||Awarded to the top goal scorer in the regular season|| Alexander Ovechkin|
|Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award||2000||Awarded to the goaltender who has played a minimum of 25 games in the regular season and has the highest save percentage||Last awarded in 2007|
|Mark Messier Leadership Award||2007||Awarded to the player who exemplifies great leadership qualities to his team, on and off the ice, during the regular season (awarded by Mark Messier, himself)|| Shea Weber|
|NHL General Manager of the Year Award||2010||Awarded to the top National Hockey League General Manager|| Jim Rutherford|
|E.J. McGuire Award of Excellence||2015||Awarded to the draft prospect who best exemplifies the commitment to excellence through strength of character, competitiveness and athleticism (awarded by NHL Central Scouting)|| Neal Doef|