The Winnipeg Jets were a professional hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. They played in both the World Hockey Association (WHA) and the National Hockey League (NHL) from 1972 to 1996. Due to mounting financial troubles, in 1996 the franchise moved to Phoenix, Arizona, United States and became the Phoenix Coyotes.
The WHA Years (1972–1979)EditThe NHL had recently expanded to 16 teams, adding franchises in many hockey-hungry cities (only one in Canada), but also in Atlanta, Oakland and Los Angeles. The WHA brought major professional hockey to Ottawa, Quebec City, Winnipeg, Edmonton, and later Calgary. On December 27, 1971, Winnipeg was granted one of the founding franchises in the WHA, to Ben Hatskin, a local figure who made his wealth in cardboard shipping containers. The team took their name from the Winnipeg Jets of the Western Canada Hockey League .
The Jets' first signing was Norm Beaudin ("the Original Jet") and the teams first major signing was Bobby Hull. Hull's acquisition, partially financed by the rest of the WHA's teams, was widely seen as giving legitimacy to the WHA as a serious rival major league to the NHL.
The Jets were further noteworthy in hockey history for being the first North American club seriously to explore Europe as a source of hockey talent. Winnipeg's fortunes were bolstered by acquisitions such as Swedish forwards Anders Hedberg and Ulf Nilsson, who starred with Hull on the WHA's most famous and successful forward line (nicknamed "the Hot Line"), and defenceman Lars-Erik Sjoberg, who would serve as the team's captain and win accolades as the WHA's best defenceman. Behind these players and other European stars such as Willy Lindstrom, Kent Nilsson, Veli-Pekka Ketola, leavened by players such as Peter Sullivan, Norm Beaudin and goaltender Joe Daley, the Jets were the most successful team in the short-lived WHA. The team won the Avco World Trophy three times, including in the league's final season against Wayne Gretzky and the Edmonton Oilers. The Jets made the finals five of the WHA's seven seasons.
In the last season in the WHA, Kent Nilsson had 107 points, while Morris Lukowich had 65 goals, and Peter Sullivan had 46 goals and 86 points. The Jets made it to the Avco Cup and Gary Smith gave up the last goal in WHA history to Dave Semenko in a 7–3 Jets win.
Career leaders (WHA)Edit
- Games: Bobby Hull, 411
- Goals: Bobby Hull, 303
- Assists: Ulf Nilsson, 344
- Points: Bobby Hull, 638
- Penalty Minutes: Kim Clackson, 413
- Goaltending Wins: Joe Daley, 167
- Shutouts: Joe Daley, 12
The 1976, 1978 and 1979 Avco Cup winning Winnipeg Jets were inducted into the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame in the team category.
The NHL years (1979–1996)Edit
By 1979, the vast majority of the WHA's teams had folded, but the Jets were still going strong and they were absorbed into the NHL. In doing so, they had to give up three of their top six scorers – the core of the last WHA champion – in a reclamation draft. They were also forced to draft 18th out of 21 teams. In the draft, they opted to protect defenseman Scott Campbell, who had shown a good deal of promise in the last WHA season. However, Campbell suffered from chronic asthma that was only exacerbated by Winnipeg's frigid weather. The asthma drove him out of the league entirely by 1982.
With a decimated roster, the Jets finished dead last in the league for the next two seasons, including a horrendous nine-win season in 1980–81 that still ranks as the worst in franchise history. This stands in marked contrast to the other 1979 Avco Cup finalist, the Oilers, who became one of the most powerful teams the game has ever seen during the 1980s.
The Jets' first two wretched NHL seasons did net them high draft picks, and in 1981 they drafted future Hall of Fame member Dale Hawerchuk. The team developed a solid core of players by the mid-1980s, with Hawerchuk, Thomas Steen, Paul MacLean, Dave Babych, Randy Carlyle, Laurie Boschman, Doug Smail, and David Ellett providing a strong nucleus.
Led by Hawerchuk, Steen, Babych and Carlyle, the Jets returned to respectability fairly quickly, and made the playoffs 11 times in the next 15 years. However, regular-season success did not transfer over into the playoffs. This was because Winnipeg played in the same division as the Oilers and Calgary Flames – by some accounts, the two best teams in the league during the second half of the 1980s. Because of the way the playoffs were structured at the time, the Jets were all but assured of having to beat either the Oilers or the Flames (or both) to get to the Campbell Conference Finals. For example, in 1984–85, they finished with the fourth-best record in the entire league (behind only Philadelphia, Edmonton and Washington). They also notched 96 points, which would remain the franchise's best as an NHL team until the 2009-10 Coyotes racked up the franchise's second 100-point season (and first as an NHL team). While they managed to dispatch the Flames in four games in the best-of-five division semi-final, they were swept by the eventual Stanley Cup champion Oilers in the division final. In fact, Winnipeg and Edmonton played each other in the playoffs six times between 1983 and 1990. The Oilers not only won every series, but held the Jets to only four total victories. Five of those times (1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, and 1990), the Oilers went on to win the Stanley Cup. 1987 was the last time that the Jets won a playoff series (defeating Calgary in the division semi-final before losing to Edmonton in the division final).
As the NHL expanded in the United States, operating costs and salaries grew rapidly; this development hit the league's Canadian teams particularly hard. the As Winnipeg was the league's second-smallest market (eventually becoming the smallest market after the Quebec Nordiques moved to Denver in 1995), the Jets were unable to retain their best players. Despite a loyal fan following, serious doubts were raised about whether Winnipeg could support an NHL team in this new environment. Various schemes were devised to save the team through a tremendous grassroots effort and government funds, but in the end the efforts were not enough. The Winnipeg Jets played their last-ever game on April 28, 1996, a home playoff loss to the Detroit Red Wings by a score of 4–1. Norm Maciver scored the last goal in Jets history.
During their history, the Jets retired two numbers: Bobby Hull's #9 and Thomas Steen's #25. Both numbers hang in Jobing.com Arena with the Phoenix Coyotes franchise in the Jets' old blue-red-white colour scheme. Dale Hawerchuk's #10 was added in 2006, in the Coyotes' current sand-red-black scheme. Another tradition that was retained when the franchise moved to Phoenix was the "white-out", in which fans wore all white to home playoff games. The franchise has yet to win a playoff series while in Phoenix.
Bobby Hull's #9 jersey was temporarily "un-retired" with the acquisition of his son Brett by the Coyotes. Brett wore his father's famous jersey until his own retirement on October 15, 2005, subsequent to which the number was re-retired. A number of former Jets remain active in the NHL; as of the 2009–10 season, these include Nikolai Khabibulin of the Edmonton Oilers, Teemu Selanne of the Anaheim Ducks, and Kris Draper of the Detroit Red Wings. Shane Doan, the current captain of the Coyotes, is the last Jet to remain with the Winnipeg-Phoenix franchise.
Winnipeg White OutEdit
The Winnipeg White Out is a hockey tradition that dates back to 1987 when fans were asked to wear white clothing to home playoff games, creating a very intimidating effect and atmosphere. It was created as a response to the "Sea of Red" created by fans of the Calgary Flames, whom the home town Jets were facing in the first round of the 1987 Stanley Cup Playoffs. The Jets eliminated the Flames in four games, and fans wore white for every home playoff game thereafter. Fans coined it the "White Out". Marketing for the team during the playoff referred to the "charge of the white brigade". When the Jets moved to Phoenix to become the Coyotes, fans in Arizona quickly embraced the white out tradition for playoff games.
Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals scored for, GA = Goals scored against, PIM = Penalty minutes
|1972–73||78||43||31||4||90||285||249||757||first, Western|| Won Quarter-final (Minnesota)|
Won Semi-final (Houston)
Lost Final (New England)
|1973–74||78||34||39||5||73||264||296||673||fourth, Western||Lost Quarter-final (Houston)|
|1974–75||78||38||35||5||81||322||293||869||third, Canadian||Did not qualify|
|1975–76||81||52||27||2||106||345||254||940||first, Canadian|| Won Quarter-final (Edmonton) |
Won Semi-final (Calgary)
Won Final (Houston)
|1976–77||80||46||32||2||94||366||291||991||second, Western|| Won Quarter-final (San Diego)|
Won Semi-final (Houston)
Lost Final (Quebec)
|1977–78||80||50||28||2||102||381||270||988||first, WHA|| Won Quarter-final (Birmingham) |
Earned Semi-final bye
Won Final (New England)
|1978–79||80||39||35||6||84||307||306||1342||third, WHA|| Won Semi-final (Quebec) |
Won Final (Edmonton)
|1979–80||80||20||49||11||51||214||314||1251||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1980–81||80||9||57||14||32||246||400||1191||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1981–82||80||33||33||14||80||319||332||1314||second, Norris||Lost Norris Semi-final (St. Louis)|
|1982–83||80||33||39||8||74||311||333||1089||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Edmonton)|
|1983–84||80||31||38||11||73||340||374||1579||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Edmonton)|
|1984–85||80||43||27||10||96||358||332||1540||second, Smythe||Won Smythe Semi-final (Calgary) |
Lost Smythe Final (Edmonton)
|1985–86||80||26||47||7||59||295||372||1774||third, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Calgary)|
|1986–87||80||40||32||8||88||279||271||1537||third, Smythe||Won Smythe Semi-final (Calgary) |
Lost Smythe Final (Edmonton)
|1987–88||80||33||36||11||77||292||310||2278||third, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Edmonton)|
|1988–89||80||26||42||12||64||300||355||1843||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1989–90||80||37||32||11||85||298||290||1639||third, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Edmonton)|
|1990–91||80||26||43||11||63||260||288||1675||fifth, Smythe||Did not qualify|
|1991–92||80||33||32||15||81||251||244||1907||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Vancouver)|
|1992–93||84||40||37||7||87||322||320||1851||fourth, Smythe||Lost Smythe Semi-final (Vancouver)|
|1993–94||84||24||51||9||57||245||344||2143||sixth, Central||Did not qualify|
|1994–951||48||16||25||7||39||157||177||1141||sixth, Central||Did not qualify|
|1995–96||82||36||40||6||78||275||291||1622||fifth, Central||Lost Conference Quarter-final (Detroit)|
- 1 Season was shortened by the 1994–95 NHL lockout.
First round draft picksEdit
- 1973: Ron Andruff (11th overall)
- 1974: Randy Andreachuk (seventh overall)
- 1975: Brad Gassoff (eighth overall)
- 1976: Thomas Gradin (ninth overall)
- 1977: Ron Duguay (third overall)
- 1978: no WHA draft
- 1979: Jimmy Mann (19th overall)
- 1980: Dave Babych (second overall)
- 1981: Dale Hawerchuk (first overall)
- 1982: Jim Kyte (12th overall)
- 1983: Andrew McBain (eighth overall) and Bobby Dollas (14th overall)
- 1984: none
- 1985: Ryan Stewart (18th overall)
- 1986: Pat Elynuik (eighth overall)
- 1987: Bryan Marchment (16th overall)
- 1988: Teemu Selanne (10th overall)
- 1989: Stu Barnes (fourth overall)
- 1990: Keith Tkachuk (19th overall)
- 1991: Aaron Ward (fifth overall)
- 1992: Sergei Bautin (17th overall)
- 1993: Mats Lindgren (15th overall)
- 1994: none
- 1995: Shane Doan (seventh overall)
Hall of FamersEdit
- Dale Hawerchuk, C, 1981–90, inducted 2001
- Bobby Hull, RW, 1972–80, inducted 1983
- Serge Savard, D, 1981–83, inducted 1986
The Winnipeg Jets retired two numbers in their history. When the Jets relocated to Arizona, the banners of these players also made the move, and these numbers remain retired with the Phoenix Coyotes, now in Coyotes' colors.
- 9 - Bobby Hull, LW, 1972–1980, number retired on February 19, 1989 (the number was briefly unretired by the successor Coyotes franchise for Bobby's son Brett in the 2005-06 season before his son Brett retired five games into that season).
- 25 - Thomas Steen, RW, 1981–1995, number retired on May 6, 1995.
Franchise scoring leadersEdit
These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise (Winnipeg & Phoenix) history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.
Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game; * = current Coyotes player
Winnipeg Jets individual recordsEdit
- Most goals in a season: Teemu Selanne, 76 (1992–93) (NHL rookie record)
- Most assists in a season: Phil Housley, 79 (1992–93)
- Most points in a season: Teemu Selanne 132 (1992–93) (NHL rookie record)
- Most penalty minutes in a season: Tie Domi, 347 (1993–94)
- Most points in a season, defenceman: Phil Housley, 97 (1992–93)
- Most points in a season, rookie: Teemu Selanne, 132 (1992–93) (NHL record)
- Most wins in a season: Brian Hayward & Bob Essensa, 33 (1984–85 & 1992–93)
- List of Winnipeg Jets players
- List of Winnipeg Jets draft picks
- List of Winnipeg Jets head coaches
- Phoenix Coyotes
- World Hockey Association
- Avco World Trophy
- List of defunct NHL teams
- List of NHL seasons
- List of NHL players
- List of ice hockey teams in Manitoba
- Winnipeg Arena
- ↑ Scott Adam Surgent, The Complete Historical and Statistical Reference to the World Hockey Association, Xaler Press, 1995. Pg.58
- ↑ Scott Adam Surgent, Pg.114
- ↑ Cole, Stephen (2006). The Canadian Hockey Atlas. Doubleday Canada. p. 232. ISBN 978-03-8566-093-8.
- ↑ Willes, Ed (2004). The Rebel League: The Short and Unruly Life of the World Hockey Association. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart. p. 241. ISBN 978-07-7108-947-3.
- ↑ Sigurdson, Hal (1987-04-18). "Whiteout aside, defence tells tale". Winnipeg Free Press. p. 83.